Ecuadorian Education System
Formal education is categorized into 4 levels: a preprimary, primary, secondary school and higher education. . Education is compulsory for children aged between 6-14. The language of education is Spanish. The Ministry of Education mandates all the educational programs except for higher education which is administered by a national technical council.
The system comprises 3 types of education: Educación Inicial, Educación General Básica (EGB) and Educación General Unificado (EGU).
Educación inicial is the primary school phase.
Educación General Básica (EGB)
Educación General Básica (general basic education) has a nominal duration of 10 years and is intended for pupils aged 5-14. The basic curriculum is set by law, and consists of 9 subjects for grades (grado) 1-10:
Educación General Unificado (EGU)
This type of education, also known as Bachillerato General Unificado (BGU), takes 3 years and is intended for children aged 15-17.
Upon completion of the secondary education programme, pupils receive a Bachiller en Ciencias or Bachiller Técnico certificate.
Admission to higher education
Admission to the Ecuadorian higher education system requires a secondary school diploma: Bachiller en Ciencias or Bachiller Técnico.
Higher Education education
The Ecuadorian education system comprises the following types of institutions:
- Universidades (universities);
- Escuelas politécnicos (polytechnical schools);
- Institutos Superiores (higher institutes)
Higher education is offered by both private and public institutions.
The bachelor stage is called Pregrado. Pregrado programs take 4 to 6 years to complete. Upon completion the degree of Licenciado is awarded.
Postgraduate / Posgrado programs
Posgrado programs offer 3 different qualifications:
- especialista: specialization in the bachelor phase
- magíster: Master program
- doctorado: Doctoral program