Chilean Education System
Primary and secondary education combined have a total duration of 12 years (8 + 4) and is compulsory for all pupils. The system comprises 2 types of education: educación básica and educación media with a duration of 8 and 4 years, respectively.
The program consists of 2 phases: an initial phase (primer ciclo básico) – grades 1-4 with a duration of 4 years – for pupils aged 6-9. The second phase (segundo ciclo básico) – grades 5-8 – also has a duration of 4 years and is intended for pupils aged 10-13.
Secondary education (educación secundaria or educación/enseñanza media) is also offered at a liceo, colegio or instituto and is intended for pupils aged 14-18. This type of education currently has a nominal duration of 4 years and is divided into two 2-year cycles.
Admission to higher education
Admission to higher education requires a secondary school diploma: Licencia de Educación Media or Licencia de Enseñanza Media.
Higher Education system
The Chilean education system comprises the following types of institutions:
- Universidades (universities)
- Institutos Profesionales (professional institutes)
- Centros de Formación Técnica (technical training centres)
Higher education is offered by both private and public institutions.
The bachelor stage is called Pregrado. Pregrado programs take 4 to 5 years to complete. Upon completion the degree of Licenciado is awarded.
Postgraduate / Posgrado programs
Posgrado programs offer 3 different qualifications:
- postiluto: specialization phase
- magíster: Master program
- doctorado: Doctoral program