Mexican Education System
Mexico’s education law defines three main levels of education: basic education (educación básica), upper- secondary education (educación media superior), and higher education (educación superior).
Lower-secondary education is three years. There are no entrance examinations at public schools, and close to 98 percent of pupils who complete elementary education go on to lower-secondary education.
Upper-secondary education lasts three years. It’s free of charge at public schools and has been compulsory for all students since 2012. There are three main types of upper-secondary programs: general academic (bachillerato general), technological (bachillerato tecnológico), and vocational-technical (técnico profesional).
Admission to higher education
Admission to Mexican universities depends on the type of program and on the number of applicants to a program. Completion of upper-secondary education is usually the minimum criterion, but entrance examinations and high school GPAs are typically used to select students. Many universities require a minimum grade average of 7 or 8 out of 10, but top institutions may require a higher minimum.
Higher Education system
There are six subsystems of higher education institutions in Mexico: public universities, technological institutes, technological universities, private institutions, teacher training colleges, and other public institutions. When all of them are counted, Mexico has 1,250 institutions of higher education. Public universities and technological institutes of higher education offer affordable education to all Mexicans. Tuition is free of charge.
Bachelor/ Licenciado and Titulo Profesional Degrees
Licenciado and titulo professional are terms that are used interchangeably. Both refer to the bachelor stage which takes 3 to 6 years to complete. Programs usually include both course work and a thesis or degree project
Master / Grado De Maestro
Master degree programs take two years to complete in Mexico (between 80 and 120 SATCA credits). A maestría program requires the completion of course work and typically a thesis. A bachelor’s degree (Licenciatura/Título Profesional) in a related discipline is usually required for admission.
PhD programs are research intensive programs that take least two years of course work as well as original research and the defense of a dissertation. Admission is generally based on a master’s degree in a related discipline.