Polish Education System
The education system in Poland is governed by Acts of Parliament and ministerial regulations adopted, in particular, by the Minister of National Education, responsible for general education, vocational education and skills, and the Minister of Science and Higher Education.
The education system comprises a school education system (from preschool to post-secondary education) and a higher education system, each operating on the basis of separate legislation. There is no single or integrated adult education system.
Poland is in the process of education reform. The current and new structures of the education system exist side by side until the former is gradually replaced with the latter by the end of the school year 2022/2023 (source: eurydice.org.pl).
The junior high school (gimnazjum) covers lower secondary education and ends general basic education and lasts three years. The subjects taught are: Polish language, history, civic education, two foreign languages, mathematics, physics and astronomy, chemistry, biology, geography, fine arts/music, technology, information technology, physical education and religion or ethics. At the end of the curriculum, pupils are evaluated based on their continuing results and on an examination in humanities, science and foreign languages.
Upper secondary education begins at the end of full-time compulsory education, preparing students for entry directly into the labor-market and/or tertiary (i.e. higher) education. Upper secondary education takes many forms. (source: wikipedia)
Admission to Higher Education
Access to the Bachelor stage is dependent on a maturity certificate (świadectwo maturalne). After the introduction of the external maturity examination (egzamin maturalny) in 2005, admission to first-cycle degree programs is based on results of this examination.
Higher Education system
The Polish higher education system has been divided to three stages: Bachelor (Licencjat, Inżynier), Master (Magister), and Doctor (Doktor). This system applies to all fields of education except Law, Pharmacy, Psychology, Veterinary Medicine, Medicine and Dentistry, which are still based on two-stage system (Master and Doctor).
Bachelor (BA, Licencjat)
Obtained following the completion of 3-3,5 year-long vocational/technical college studies
Bachelor (BSc, Inżynier)
Obtained following the completion of 3,5-4 year-long college studies in technical sciences, agriculture and economy.
Master (MA, MSc, Magister)
Equivalent degrees: Master of Art, Master Engineer, Master Engineer Architect, qualified physician, dental surgeon or veterinarian. Granted following the completion of 5-6 year long uniform university studies. The MSc may also be obtained following the completion of 2-2,5 years-long supplementary master’s degree studies which may be taken by persons with a college diploma.
Doktor (PhD, Doktor)
A degree awarded to those who pass doctoral exam and successfully defend dissertation. To qualify for the academic degree of doctor one must hold a master or equivalent degree. (Source: studyinpoland)