Lithuanian Education System
The education system of Lithuania is state run. The education system comprises of formal and non-formal education. Formal education encompasses primary, basic/lower secondary and upper secondary education, formal vocational education and training, and tertiary education. Non-formal education encompasses pre-school education, pre-primary education, and other non-formal education for adults.
Secondary school system covers eight years, divided into 6 years’ lower secondary education, followed by 2 years upper secondary school.
Lower Secondary education
This educational level lasts for 6 years and is for children aged 10 to 17. This educational level is compulsory and comprises of 2 parts:
- Part 1: a 4-year program carried out in the 5th to 8th forms
- Part 2: a 2-year program executed in the 9th-10th forms or 1st-2nd forms of the gymnasium.
Upper Secondary Education
This stage prepares students for higher education. Upper secondary education in Lithuania is not mandatory. It covers 11th-12th forms of the secondary education or forms 3 and 4 of the gymnasium. This educational level is offered in secondary schools, gymnasiums, and vocational education and training schools.
Admission Higher Education
Admission to higher education is decentralized, and organized at institutional level. The results of the national final examination for secondary education is basis for admission. An upper secondary diploma is required to be admitted to higher education.
In Lithuania, higher education is provided by state-run and private, university and non-university, higher education establishments.
There two types of higher education institutions:
- universities (called universitetas (university), akademija (academy), or seminarija (seminary)) representing university sector of higher edcuation;
- colleges of higher education (called kolegija (higher education college) or aukštoji mokykla (higher education institution)) representing non-university higher education sector.
Following are the degrees offered by the higher education institutions in Lithuania:
- Bachelor’s degree: This degree lasts for 3-4 years
- Master’s degree: This qualification lasts for 1-2 years
- Doctorate degree: The duration of this qualification varies depending upon the study area.
(source: center for quality assessment in higher education)