The Bulgarian Study Abroad Market
In this market report on Bulgaria we will cover socio-economic, educational and mobility trends. Bulgarian students have always been very internationally oriented and mobile. Back in 2013 the outbound mobility rate was 8%. In 2021 this figure has gone up to 10,8% (according to UNESCO). At the moment, more than 25,000 Bulgarian students are studying overseas for a bachelor, master of PhD degree.
Most of the Bulgarian students choose Germany, the UK and other EU destinations because the EU provides free university education for EU member countries. The main focus on majors is economics and business, legal studies, psychology, architecture, fashion and design, and computer technologies. Bulgarian mathematics education is among the best in Europe.
The Bulgarian education system is facing some serious issues. According to a report by the European Union, Although public spending on education (In Bulgaria) is increasing, the system remains underfunded.
‘In 2017, Bulgaria’s general government expenditure on education rose by 8% in real terms compared to the previous year, reaching the equivalent of 3.6% of GDP. Despite this improvement, public spending on education is still among the lowest in the EU, and significantly below the EU average of 4.6%.’
According to the same report, ‘Educational infrastructure is in great need of modernization. There are considerable disparities in the quality of school facilities, with poorer municipalities being particularly at disadvantage (UNICEF, 2018). Schools often lack basic facilities or equipment, and have no laboratories or sports facilities.’ All this and more in the Market Report on Bulgaria.