Austrian Education system
The Austrian secondary-school system plays a key role in the preparation of students for further vocational, technical, and academic education. After completion of the four-year general secondary school, students have several options available for further training or education. The various types of upper-level secondary schools reflect differences in length of further study, as well as increasing specialization in the course of study offered.
Admission to the bachelor’s degree is given by the obtaining of a school leaving certificate (Reifezeugnis), or successful completion of a special university entrance exam. (Source: stateuniversity.com)
For a country with a population of just over nine million people, Austria offers a large and diverse range of higher education institutions which vary in size and structure. There are 22 independently-run public universities.
There are also 21 Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen), which offer scientifically-founded and vocational-orientated courses.
There are 13 private universities (Privatuniversitäten) which receive no state funding whatsoever. They are regulated by the Accreditation Council (Akkreditierungsrat)
The oldest university is the University of Vienna founded in 1365. It enjoys a fine reputation and in the past produced graduates of the like of Sigmund Freud, Kurt Adler and pope Pius III. (Source: academics.com)
There is a wide array of different study on offer in Austrian higher education institution. For example, private universities tend to focus on the arts, medical health and social sciences – but this is not defined by statute. A bachelor degree takes 3 – 4 years to finish and amounts to 180 ECTS credits.
After successfully completing a bachelor’s degree, a master’s can be taken to deepen previous studies or explore an additional topic and takes at least four semesters.
After a master’s is obtained, a doctorate can take a further six semesters. Public universities and private universities are entitled to award doctoral degrees. Training is organized according to the academic discipline. The duration is usually three years at both types of institution.