Vietnamese Education System
Basic (i.e. junior) secondary education (trung hoc co so) lasts for 4 years and is intended for children aged 11 – 15. Pupils can move on to long – term vocational training courses of 1 to 3 years in length, at vocational training schools. The Bang Tot Nghiep Nge certificate allows students to enter the labour market as educated workers.
Admission to upper secondary education requires that pupils pass an entrance examination. General secondary education (trung hoc pho thong, also called ‘upper secondary education’) lasts for 3 years and is intended for children aged 15 – 18. Student s who complete this general education program are awarded the Bang Tot Nghiep Pho Thong Trung Hoc (Certificate of secondary school graduation). Until around 1997 this certificate was called the Bang Tu Tai or Baccalaureate. The certificate grants admission to higher education in Vietnam. (Source: wenr.wes.org)
Higher Education in Vietnam
Higher education is provided by universities, colleges and academic research institutes. Vietnam has various types of universities: open universities, technical universities, agricultural universities, medical universities and universities of economics. In 2013, Vietnam had 376 higher education institutions: 150 universities (Truong dai hoc) and 226 junior colleges (Truong cao dang).
Currently bachelor’s programs usually have a nominal du ration of 4 years, and award the Bang Tot Nghiep dai hoc (University Graduation Certificate). After completing a bachelor’s program, students can take an entrance examination and continue on to a 2 – year master’s program. Only students who completed their Bachelor full – time are eligible. The certificate awarded is a master’s degree (Bang Thac si). (Source: Nuffic)