Indonesian Education System
Indonesia’s education system comprises four levels of education: primary (grades 1-6), junior secondary (grades 7-9), senior secondary (grades 10-12), and higher education. The first two levels constitute ‘basic education’. Primary and junior secondary education is largely offered by state schools. In Higher Education, the private sector is also starting to play a significant role, accounting for 31% of all students.
The state educational system in general is largely secular, although it includes some religious (mostly Islamic) schools and universities. The private educational system, by contrast, is dominated by religiously oriented schools and universities, in particular those associated with Indonesia’s two major Islamic social organizations, Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama. (source: wikipedia)
At the end of secondary technical/vocational education, pupils are awarded the Ijazah Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan . Pupils also sit a state exami nation for this type of education, upon completion of which the Surat Keterangan Hasil Ujian Nasional certificate is awarded.
Admission to higher education
The Senior Secondary School Certificate (Ijazah Sekolah Menengah Atas, SMA ) and the state examination ( Surat Keterangan Hasil Ujian Nasional) are both required for admission to higher education. State universities require students to pass an entrance examination (Seleksi Nasional Masuk Perguruan Tinggi Negeri), which tests mathematics, English, Indonesian and the subjects relevant t o the student’s chosen specialization. Successful candidates may be admitted to the state universities, depending on the number of available places.
Higher Education system
Higher education is provided at five different types of institutions: universities (universitas), academies (akademi), colleges (sekolah tinggi), polytechnics (politeknik) and institutes (institut). Universities and institutes provide both academic and higher professional education, whereas academies, colleges and polytechnics only provide the latter. Graduates from university programs receive a degree, whereas graduates of higher professional education programs are awarded a diploma. Source: Nuffic