Indian Education System
Secondary school in India covers education for children aged 11 to 16 (standard VI through standard X). The last 2 years (standard XI and XII) are sometimes referred to as high school (ages 16 through 18).
High school education (standard XI and XII) has two tracks: the academic stream and the vocational stream. The academic stream is intended to prepare pupils for further study at a university or other higher education institution, while the vocational stream prepares pupils for work or further vocational education.
Admission to Higher Education
Admission to higher education is granted to everyone with one of the certificates from the high school (standard XII), but many faculties set additional requirements for a minimum score (many programs require a minimum of 50%, but 45% is often sufficient) or for subjects in which the examination was taken (for technical programs, for example, science subjects are required.
Higher Education system
Higher education in India mainly consists of university education, leading to the award of a Bachelor’s, Master’s or Doctor’s degree (PhD). Polytechnics provide higher professional education, leading to the award of certificates and diplomas.
University degree programs
An academic bachelor program in India takes 3 years to complete. The most common bachelor’s degrees are the Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science and the Bachelor of Commerce.
Professional bachelor programs take 4 years.
Master programs generally take 2 years to complete. There are often admission requirements, either a minimum score or an entrance examination, but these requirements vary both per institution and per subject area. A score of 45% or 50% is often required for admission.
PhD programs in India generally take 5 years. The admission requirement is a master’s degree from a renowned university, but some universities also accept professional bachelor’s degrees, such as those in Engineering, Medicine or Law. Almost all universities hold entrance examinations.