Research universities in the Netherlands are traditionally academically oriented. University education and research in the Netherlands is characterized by high academic standards and a strong international focus. Dutch research universities have a long academic tradition of international cooperation and therefore have extensive worldwide research and student exchange networks. Research universities from the Netherlands are amongst the leaders in research and education of continental Europe.
Nowadays the Netherlands has 14 Research Universities and 1 Open University. There are three universities of technology: in Delft, Eindhoven and Twente. Wageningen University specializes in Agriculture and Life sciences. The universities in Amsterdam (UvA and VU), Rotterdam, Maastricht, Groningen, Nijmegen, Leiden, Tilburg and Utrecht are comprehensive institutes, offering a wide range of study and research programs.